It is an island in the east of Java island. It is about 1.6 km from Java island. It is mainly formed in mountainous areas and has an active volcano called Argung Mountain in the northeast. It was taken over by the Japanese army during World War II and was incorporated into Indonesia in 1950. Agriculture is the main industry and tourist destination.
Most of the area consists of mountainous areas that are part of the Java island’s middle mountain range, and the highest peaks are called Argung Mountain or Ballibong Mountain, which is 3,142 meters above sea level. The mountain, also called the ” navel of the world, ” was a live volcano that erupted in March 1963, killing more than 1,500 people and leaving thousands homeless. In November 2017, the Korean government sent a charter plane to help the Korean people return to Korea after the eruption of the Argung volcano that had shown signs since September and air traffic was paralyzed.
There is a major lowland south of the central mountain range. The monsoon season is a dry season from May to November. Most of the rainforest species in mountainous areas, including the flora and fauna, have a similar distribution to Java Island. There are some teak trees and the giant seminan trees are considered sacred to the people here. Tigers live in the West Coast, and there are countless deer and wild boars.
As the island was frequently visited by Chinese traders and Indian intellectuals, Hinduism was already introduced around the 7th century. Many Hindus moved to Bali Island after Irrange’s mother, Mahendra da, who ruled Java from 1019 to 49, married Woodana, the king of Bali’s king. In 1284, he was taken over by Kertanara, the last king of the Tumapel dynasty during the Singasa kingdom, and became independent after his death in 1292. From 1343 under the rule of the Mazapa Heat empire based in eastern Java, it was ruled until 1478, when it was conquered by Muslims (Balinese).
When the Dutch first came in 1597, the islands were divided into many Muslim countries and were fighting with each other. The Netherlands annexed the island of Blelling and Zembrana, a country located in the north of Bali Island, in 1882, invaded Lomborg Island in 1894, and assassinated its Prince of Bali, Annak Argungkut in 1894. During World War II, it was taken over by the Japanese army. After Sukarno declared Indonesian independence in 1945, he became independent in 1950 after a clash between the Republican and Dutch factions with Indonesia.
However, the political conflict and confrontation between the National Party and the Communist Party resulted in major social chaos until 1965. Volley, which found political stability after the Communist Party collapsed, started tourism development with concentrated support from the Indonesian government. With the completion of Sanurbille Beach Hotel in 1966 and the opening of Eungurarai Airport the following year, modernization of transportation and lodging accelerated, making it a popular tourist destination in the 1970s. In 1989, the state government created its own tourism development plan to expand the scope of tourism to preserve and experience traditional villages. The growing number of foreign tourists led to two attacks by Islamic fundamentalist groups in 2002 and 2005.
Singa Raja and the capital city of Denpasard play the most important roles, and besides, Klung, Bunan, Kia, Urkuta, and Ubourd are considered major cities. Coulungbang is a carpenter and gold capital city, Kia is a lively trading market, and Kuta is a tourist center, and the American art centers are located at the foot of the mountain.
Every town has several temples and a conference room in its plaza, where the festival is held and the mayor is also standing. Each family lives in a place surrounded by dirt and stone walls. The population density of lowland is over 580 per ㎢.
Rice farmers are mainly farmers and farmers are part of the Water Repairs Union. The average farm area is 1 hectares. It is capable of irrigation about a quarter of the area of farmland, and other farmland grows crops such as yam, casava, corn, coconut, and fruit, and Ginea oil palm and coffee. Cows are raised on a large scale, while other livestock farming is slow. Several meat processing plants are in operation. Despite its geographical characteristics, fishing is not a big part of the population. Food products may be imported due to the growing population, but they are exporting beef, pork, coffee, cooprade and vegetable oil. Tourism and handicrafts sales play an important role in the economy. There is an airport on the south coast near Denpasar.
It is the only Hindu base on Sosunda Island today that became a refuge for many nobles, priests, and intellectuals when the Islamic religion dominated Hindu rule in the 16th century. The lives of residents are based on a combination of Hinduism (especially the Sibapa faction), Buddhism and Malay ancestor worship, animism, and mysticism and customs. There are countless worship sites all over the place and I firmly believe in reincarnation.
The caste system, although not as strict as that in India, still remains. Nine out of 10 residents belong to Sudra, the lowest class, and its higher class is divided into priests (Brahman), soldiers and nobles (Krasharia), and traders (Baisha) There are some Muslims and Chinese living in the north and west, and few Christians. Balier is distinct from the language of the eastern Java, but the language used by the upper class includes many Javan and Sanskrit words.
The people of Bali enjoy music, poetry, dance and festivals and are very good at art and crafts. It is a well-known fact that they are crazy about betting games, especially the fight with chickens. Gamelan, a Balinese orchestra composed of several percussion instruments, violin and flute, is so popular that it is often performed on percussion by Indonesian instrumental ensemble Gamelan.
Stage events, especially dancing, are essential elements in the life of the Balinese, and are performed for shamanistic and religious purposes, and are often told in mime types. The artistic temperament of the Balinese are evident in sculpture, painting, silver work, metalwork, and scull techniques, and can also be seen in the animal-shaped wooden coffin carrying dead bodies to the make-up site. Balinese painting stimulation was registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in September 2009.
Bali’s tourist attractions are nature’s natural resources in the first place. It is designated as Indonesia’s special protection marine park. In Nusapnida, you can see rare fish such as manta stingray and sunfish directly through skin scuba experiences. Bali has several small rivers that run south, and rafting can be enjoyed on the rivers of Ayung and Tunga. The Wajira River, which is known for its gentle appearance as a river, has steep slopes and strong currents that give you a taste of rafting.
Bali’s traditional monuments and sites are Ulu and Tutsu Temple, Garuda Park, Tanarot Temple, Taman Ahyun Temple and Besaki Temple. In the traditional village of Urvut, you’ll find shops and restaurants selling traditional goods, souvenirs, and artwork to appreciate the culture of Bali, and you’ll find it on the streets of Urvut a little more. Broughtown is a highland region north of Bali Island, and its three lakes are beautiful with a tower.